While on an archaeological expedition in India, Indiana Jones stumbles across the remote village of Mayapore. Following the theft of the powerful Sankara Stone which once protected the village and its people, the town lies in ruin and its children have mysteriously disappeared. Indy discovers the enslaved children in the evil Pankot palace, the home of the Maharajah. Mola Ram, the ruthless High Priest, has forced the children to mine for precious gems and the other missing Sankara Stones. Indy's adventure begins as he enters the palace to free the missing children and recover the Sankara Stones, defeating Mola Ram and his evil Thuggee guards.
--From the NES Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom instruction manual.